|Manual type:||Service Manual|
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Page 4 of 51
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Leadless Chip Component
Chip components must be replaced with identical chips
due to critical foil track spacing. There are no holes in
the board to mount standard transistors or diodes.
Some chips capacitor or resistor board solder pads
may have holes through the board, however the hole
diameter limits standard resistor replacement to 1/8
watt. Standard capacitor may also be limited for the
same reason. It is recommended that identical
components be used.
Chip resistor have a three digit numerical resistance
code - 1st and 2nd significant digits and a multiplier.
Example: 162 = 1600 or 1.6k
resistor, 0 = 0
Chip capacitors generally do not have the value
indicated on the capacitor. The color of the component
indicates the general range of the capacitance.
Chip transistors are identified by a two letter code. The
first letter indicates the type and the second letter, the
grade of transistor.
Chip diodes have a two letter identification code as per
the code chart and are a dual diode pack with either
common anode or common cathode. Check the parts
list for correct diode number.
Use solder wick to remove solder from component
end caps or terminal.
Without pulling up, carefully twist the component
with tweezers to break the adhesive.
components since they are subject to stress
fracture during removal.
Chip Component Installation
Put a small amount of solder on the board
Hold the chip component against the soldering
pads with tweezers or with a miniature alligator clip
and apply heat to the pad area with a 30 watt iron
until solder flows. Do not apply heat for more than
How to Replace Flat-IC
- Required Tools -
Cut the pins of a defective IC with wire cutters.
Remove IC from board. If IC is glued to the board,
heat the IC and release the IC. See Note above.
Using soldering iron and needle nose pliers
remove the IC pins from the board.
Using de-soldering braid and soldering iron remove
solder from affected are on board (pads).
Position the new Flat-IC in place (apply the pins of
the Flat-IC to the soldering pads where the pins
need to be soldered). Determine the positions of
the soldering pads and pins by correctly aligning
the polarity symbol. Solder pin #1 first, align the IC.
Solder the pin opposite to pin #1. This will assist
positioning the IC.
Solder all pins to the soldering pads using a fine
tipped soldering iron.
Check with a magnifier for solder bridge between
the pins or for dry joint between pins and soldering
pads. To remove a solder bridge, use a de-solder
braid as shown in the figure below.
Some components may be affixed with glue. Be careful not to break or damage foil under the component
or at the pins of the ICs when removing. Usually applying heat to the component for a short time while
twisting with tweezers will break the component loose.
Needle nose pliers
Wire cutters (sharp & small)